|"St Ephrem on Symbols in Nature: Faith, the Trinity and the Cross (Hymns on faith, no 18)"|
|Eastern Churches Review, 10: 1-2, 1978, 52-60|
Saint Ephraem the Syrian, 303-373. After an introduction on the title and the structure of the hymn, its English translation is given. The commentary which is divided according to the structure of the hymn, is an analysis of the stanzas and of parallel passages in Ephrem and in the early Church Fathers: Justin, Physiologus, Tertullian, Basil, Eusebius, and the Apocrypha. The hymn gives a group of natural symbols, mainly on the Cross.